Invented by Juliana H. J. Brooks, GR Intellectual Reserve LLC
The GR Intellectual Reserve LLC invention works as followsA method and apparatus to authenticate an individual living organism through recognizing an unique internal electric, magnetic, and/or acoustic characteristic. This is called a biometric signature. It involves presenting a body portion to a sensing device which senses the signature. To authenticate an individual, the biometric signature that is presented to it is compared with a previously known signature. This authentication can be used to authorize a variety of actions, including access to equipment or areas, and financial transactions. Card readers read biometric signatures and send them to remote or local readers for comparison.
Background for Methods and systems for biometric recognition that are based on magnetic and/or electric characteristics
The invention generally relates to the detection and analysis of unique energy characteristics in an individual living organism. The invention is more specifically about biometric recognition of an individual organism using a biometric signature that is derived from the individual’s unique electrical, magnetic, and/or acoustic characteristics. This recognition allows the individual to take an action.
Security methods that rely on magnetic card data, such as passwords or personal identification numbers, are used widely in today’s industrial, business and government communities. Electronic transactions and verification have led to an increase in the number of lost and stolen cards as well as forgotten, shared, or viewed identification numbers and passwords. The magnetic cards are not secure against theft or fraud, so there is a push to develop more secure methods for automated recognition that use unique, externally detectable physical characteristics such as fingerprints and iris pigment patterns. Or external behavior characteristics such as writing style or voice patterns. These techniques, also known as biometrics are used to increase the reliability of recognition systems. They identify a person using unique characteristics. Examples of such techniques are fingerprint recognition, focus on the external skin patterns and hand geometry, retina scanning, defining the unique blood vessel arrangement within the retina, voice verification, distinguishing distinct sound waves and signature verification.
Biometric recognition applications are used to control physical access to restricted areas and devices and to access computer systems that contain sensitive information. This information can be used by various government, private, and public agencies. Law enforcement applications also include home incarceration and parole programs as well as physical access to prisons. For fraud prevention, U.S. government entitlements also rely on this system, the Automated Fingerprint Identification System, (AFIS).
Biometric recognition can also be used in an “identification mode”. This is where the biometric system matches a population database to identify a person. The biometric recognition system may also be used in a verification mode, where it authenticates the claimed identity of a person by comparing previously enrolled patterns in biometric data. There is very little room for error in the verification or identification modes of many biometric applications.
The current commercially available biometric systems and methods are limited in that they only use externally visible distinguishing features for identification. Fingerprints, iris patterns and hand geometry are all possible methods of identification. Fingerprinting is the most popular biometric method. However, it is fraught with problems such as false negative identifications caused by dirt, moisture, grease, and oil on the print being scanned. Some individuals may not have enough detail due to trauma or a weakening of the ridge structure. Because of the increasing privacy of personal data, some people are not comfortable having their fingerprint patterns documented.
Iris pigment patterns and retina scanning are two other techniques that are being used at the moment. These are being implemented in many banking systems. These techniques are controversial due to the unknown health effects of electromagnetic radiation on the eyes.
Another limitation of biometric recognition systems currently in use is the ease with which external physical characteristics can be copied, photographed, or lifted. It is possible to copy external features easily, allowing for the unauthorised duplication of fingerprints, eye scanners, and other biometric patterns. Technology has advanced to allow for the production of counterfeit human body parts with the required unique physical characteristics and traits. A counterfeit model can be made in high-security systems that require the verification of unique skin or body parts for entry. This could allow unauthorized access to secured facilities. These duplication capabilities are becoming more advanced, cheaper, and more accessible. This means that it is more important to verify that the body part being offered for identification is not a fake reproduction, or the severed, dead body part of an authorized person.
U.S. Pat. No. No. 5,719,950 suggests that a combination of an exterior characteristic such as a fingerprint and a non-specific characteristic such as oxygen levels in the blood can be used to verify an individual’s identity. Although this method is possible, it still relies on external characteristics to verify the identity of an individual. This invention is about an apparatus and a method of using unique internal characteristics to verify the identity and viability. The equipment described in the patent is complex because it requires dual operations. This adds more variables that must be verified before identification can be confirmed. This is eliminated by the invention which uses a single sensor to perform both operations.
The current biometric systems are also small in size. A fingerprint scanner should be no larger than the fingerprint it is scanning, for example. Some systems are not moldable or flexible, making it difficult to incorporate into moving and flexible objects. The complexity of current biometric identification systems is prohibitively expensive, making them difficult to use.
Accordingly, more reliable and automated biometric recognition systems and methods are needed that use non-visible physical attributes that cannot be easily copied, photographed or duplicated. This would remove the potential for fingerprints being unidentifiable because of dirt, grease or other external surface deterioration. It also eliminates the risks associated with eye scanning.
The invention relates to an apparatus for authenticating a living organism through recognition of its identity. The apparatus includes a sensing mechanism that detects unique internal electric, magnetic, and/or acoustic characteristics of the organism and a mechanism to recognize it. This authentication allows the authorization of an individual’s action in one application.
The invention relates to a method of authenticating an individual living being by recognizing its identity. This method involves the following steps: detecting unique internal electrical and/or magnet properties of an organism and then recognizing it from that property. This authentication allows authorization of an individual’s action in one application.
Unique internal characteristic” is defined herein. A characteristic that cannot easily be seen through or on the outer integument or surface of an organism.
The invention relates to a method and apparatus that can verify the identity and viability an individual organism by identifying an unspecific characteristic such as blood oxygen level and a unique internal characteristic such as an electrical and/or magnet characteristic and/or an acoustic characteristic.
The apparatus should consist of a sensing device with a contact area less than 2.0 cm2 for identifying an attribute of the organism. The sensing mechanism generates a signal that corresponds to the attribute and is sent to its recognizing mechanism. Preferably, the thickness of the sensing mechanism is less than 0.2cm.
The apparatus contains a mechanism that recognizes the organism from its attribute with a greater accuracy than one in one million. It is preferable that the sensing mechanism can be molded into a shape with a non-flat top. You can make the electrodes flat, convex, concave or any combination thereof. This allows you to mold them into many shapes that can be used in different devices. The unique electrical and/or magnet properties of each organism will reveal its characteristics.
The invention concerns an apparatus for identifying the electric or magnetic properties of an individual living being. It includes a sensing mechanism that senses these properties, and a mechanism to form matrices of those properties with at least four dimensions.
The invention relates to a method of sensing an induced current within an individual living organism. It involves the steps of creating current and detecting it. This can be used to diagnose fractures or breaks in bones.
The invention relates to an apparatus for sensing an inducing current within an individual living organism. It includes a mechanism to induce current and a mechanism to detect the inducing current. This apparatus is useful in diagnosing a fracture or break in a bone.
Click here to view the patent on Google Patents.