Invented by Sam Johnson
The Sam Johnson invention works as followsThe user can program the activity monitor, which can either be pre-programmed in the factory, doctor’s offices, or pharmacists. The activity monitor can be attached to a container or medicine bottle and it will track any activity that is associated with this container or bottle, including movement, opening or volume changes. The schedule is monitored. The user will receive an alert if the schedule states that a medicine dose should be taken during a certain time but the monitored activity doesn’t show that it has been taken. A tamper alarm can also be activated if monitored activity shows that the bottle of medicine has been opened before the scheduled time.
Background for Motion or Opening Detector
Naming the memory medicine Ginkgo Biloba is one of the cruelest pranks we’ve ever played on ourselves. It’s also not a clever marketing strategy. The product does sell, and the reason may be because most of us suffer from memory problems. The symptoms can be a failure to remember someone’s name or an item our spouse has asked us to buy at the store. They may also manifest themselves in a struggle to recall the reason we got off the couch and walked into another room of the house. Memory failures are often humorous, but there are times when they can be serious or even disastrous.
Taking or administering medication is a perfect example of how memory lapses could have a negative effect. Failure to take medications can cause severe harm depending on the medication or the individual. It is clear that remembering to take or administer medications in a timely fashion can be crucial. “What is needed is a mechanism to remind or notify a person that they must take or administer medications, and when it is necessary.
Another situation where memory lapses could have a negative effect is when you forget that you’ve already taken or administered medication. Memory lapses like this can lead to an overdose. “In light of the above, it is easy to see why a device would be useful that tracks taken or administered doses, alerts or notifies an individual who attempts to take or administer overdoses and/or helps prevent overdosing.
Most medications prescribed for humans and animals are packaged in bottles such as capsules, serum bottles or pill pouches. Packaging for medications can be used as a convenient dosage reminder/control portal in that the person administering or taking the medication must at least approach the packaging before obtaining the dosage. This characteristic makes it necessary to develop a mechanism to prevent overdoses or to remind the user of the dosage.
These needs can arise in a variety of settings, and some examples include detecting movement or opening of a liquor bottle, detecting opening of a gun cabinet, or detecting movement in s moisture testing apparatus. The needs of the art can be found in many different settings. Some examples are detecting movement or open of a bottle of liquor, detecting an opening of a gun cabinet, detecting movement of moisture testing apparatuses, etc.
Therefore there is a requirement in the art for an electronic device that can detect when a container has been opened, moved or otherwise tampered, collecting and storing data about such activities, and reporting or alerting to a person or a system of such activity.
In a broader sense, the disclosure presents a device that is capable of monitoring, alerting, and/or reporting the activity of the device. It can be integrated, attached or affixed to a wide range of devices. In one embodiment, an activity monitor is used as a medication reminder. This embodiment includes an activity monitor that can be programmed in the factory, at the doctor’s or pharmacist’s, by the user or automatically by learning their behavior. The activity monitor can then be attached to the medicine container and all activities associated with it, including movement, opening, changes in volume, etc., are monitored. The schedule is monitored. The user will receive an alert if the schedule states that a medicine dose should be taken during a certain time but the monitored activity doesn’t show that the medication has been taken. A tamper alarm can also be activated if monitored activity shows that the medication bottle was opened before the scheduled time.
In another embodiment, the monitor only functions as a tamper-detector. In this embodiment, an activity monitor is connected to a container or device and started. The activity monitor analyzes and/or records any movement or activity that is associated with the container or device. This may trigger a tamper alert. In certain embodiments, a tamper sensor may define time windows during which activities are permitted and those that are not. “Activities occurring within a window of permissible activity will not trigger an alarm.
Below, we present a more detailed description of these and other embodiments as well as their various aspects, features and functions.
The present disclosure and its features and aspects are directed at an activity monitor apparatus, device and/or method which monitors the activity associated with a vessel. One embodiment of the activity monitoring device uses an accelerometer to detect the movement of the container. Based on the type, timing, and movement, it can determine heuristically the type of activity that is associated with this movement. In another embodiment, an alert component or alarm may be used as a signal to indicate or signal that the container was moved or opened. In a further embodiment, signals can be sent based on timing components to alert the user or device of the need to access the container. The activity monitor described in this disclosure can be used in many different settings and environments and for many different purposes. The disclosure includes specific examples to help provide a better understanding of various aspects, features, operations, and capabilities. However, these examples are not intended to be limiting.
Activity monitor is one example of how an embodiment of the monitor can be used in the context of a medication bottle. The activity monitor in this example can be used as a medication reminder to: (a), signal to a user when it’s time to take the prescription medication, vitamin or over-the-counter medication, herb, etc. The activity monitor can be used to: (a) remind the user to take or administer the specific prescription medication, vitamin, over-the-counter medication, herb, etc.
The activity monitor can include a small device which is attached to the cap or top of the medicine bottles. The activity monitor will enter a “reminder alert” when the medicine bottle cap has not been removed at the scheduled time. The activity monitor will enter a?reminder alert? state when the cap on the monitored medicine bottle is not opened at the scheduled time. The activity monitor will also alert the user when the container is tampered by someone who was not supposed to be using the contents (e.g. The activity monitor can also alert the user if the container has been tampered with by someone who is not supposed to be using the content (e.g. state. The activity monitor is able to provide a high-level service by recording the time taken and the dose of medication and sending it or providing the information to a central database. These data, as well as other data that can be collected from other health monitoring devices, such as those manufactured by Dexcom, attached to the body, can be relevant information for a more immediate evaluation of the impact and performance that a medicine is having on the patient.
The various elements of each embodiment are shown in greater detail.
FIG. “FIG. 1A illustrates a top-view, while FIG. 1B illustrates a side-view. The case 110 is part of the activity monitor 100. On the top of the casing 110, there are four buttons (A, B C and D), and an alert element. The activity monitor 100 contains electronic circuitry or software, such as an accelerometer. It also includes a battery powered source 140. (Shown in dotted line because they are embedded into the device.) The electronic circuitry interfaces with the four buttons or actuators, the accelerometer, and the alert element.
FIG. The functional block diagram 2 shows the components of a exemplary embodiment electronic circuitry 140. You will appreciate that not all the components shown in FIG. FIG. To provide an overall and complete understanding of all the components, FIG. 2 is used. The electronic circuitry may include a computing platform 140 that includes a processor/memory 204. These devices can be integrated or connected via a bus 206. The processor 204 may be a microprocessor, microcontroller, programmable IC, or other processor type. It may include single processors, multiple processors and accelerators. Memory element 204 can include many different structures including, but not limited, to, RAM, ROMs, magnetic media, optical mediums, bubble memory (FLASH), EPROM, and EEPROM. Other components, such as the processor, may provide other components, including a real-time time clock, analog todigital converters, digital toanalog convertors etc. The processor 204 interfaces with a number of other elements, including a control 202 interface, a display 208 adapter, audio adapter, accelerometer, and network/device 214 interface. The control interface provides an interface for external controls 120 such as sensors, actuators, or the like. Display adapter 208 is used to drive alert elements 130 such as LED displays, LCD displays, LEDs, or other display devices. The audio adapter interfaces with and drives another alert component 130? such as a buzzer, speaker, or other sound system. The network/device 214 interfaces to many devices (not shown), such as a PS3 controller or game controller, a keyboard or mouse, pin pads, audio activate devices, or any other input or output device. The network/device 214 may also be used to connect the computing platform 140 with other devices via a network. The network can be a wireless network, global network like the Internet, local network or a wide-area network. The network/device 214 interface may be wired or wireless. The computing platform is shown to be interfacing with a server and third-party systems 224 via the network 220. The computing platform 140 is powered by a battery or power source 228, which can be viewed as a power source.
In some embodiments, the activity monitor can interact with other devices or activity monitors through a ZigBee network architecture. In this embodiment, activity monitors gain intelligence through detecting and receiving other activities, drugs, medications, or substances taken at the same time. Other vitamins with a certain food, this medication with this food, and so on. The interface will then provide warnings and instructions regarding potential drug interactions or overdoses.
FIG. The concept diagram 3 illustrates a suitable environment for different embodiments of an activity monitor. In this embodiment, an activity monitor 100 has been attached to a medicine container 300 that contains medicine to be administered. The activity monitor is attached to top cap of medicine bottle by using a variety techniques. These include gluing or adhesive tape, snaps, tabs, screws, rigid connectors etc. In one embodiment, the activity monitor 100 has an adhesive tape component that is pre-attached with a protective covering. To attach the activity monitoring 100 to the medicine container 300 in this embodiment, simply remove the protective cover and press the tacky surface against the top or cap of the medicine bottle. The activity monitor 100 can now be activated to monitor and/or schedule the use of the contents in the container.
FIG. This conceptual diagram illustrates another environment that is suitable for different embodiments of an activity monitor. In this embodiment, an activity monitor 100 can be attached, attached or integrated to a cork, stopper or other bottle 400, such as a medicine bottle, liquor bottle or any type of bottle. In this embodiment, activity monitor 100 is sold separately or can be included with the bottle 400. It can also be used after the bottle has been opened. The bottle can be monitored once the stopper with activity monitor 100 has been inserted in the bottle.
FIG. This is a concept diagram that illustrates another environment for the various embodiments of an activity monitor. In this embodiment, an activity monitor 100 can be attached, affixed, or integrated within a screw-on cap 510 of a bottle 500, whether it is a medicine bottle, liquor bottle, or other bottle type. The activity monitor 100 is shown in this embodiment as being sold separately or included with the bottle 500. It can be used after the bottle has been opened. “Once the stopper containing the activity monitor 100 has been attached to the cap, and the cap placed on the bottle, then the bottle can be monitored.
FIG. The concept diagram 6 shows an activity monitor that has an adhesive connector. In this embodiment, the underside 100 of the monitor includes an adhesive tape. This can be a double-sided cassette 600 attached to the underside 100 of the monitor. To prevent adhesive from accidentally adhering to surfaces or collecting debris, the opposite side of the tape is usually covered with a plastic shield or coating. Other attachment methods can be used, such as Velcro, loop-and-hook techniques and similar structures. The plastic cover of the activity monitor can be removed, and the monitor can be attached directly to the surface or container to be monitored.
FIG. This conceptual diagram shows an activity monitor integrated into a cap. In this embodiment, an activity monitor 100 can be integrated into a cap that is compatible with various bottles. “As is typical of a cap for a bottle, ridges may be present on the cap’s surface to make it easier to remove and place.
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