There are systems, methods as well as computer program products that are related to the physical resource block (PRB) size, bundling, and/or precoding resources block group (PRG), setting. One option is to determine the size of a PRG that is a minimum that is at least the operating bandwidth of the device being used as well as defining a configurable PRG group based on that size of the PRG, and then transmit the PRG set out to the user equipment.


The embodiments of the invention generally relate to mobile or wireless communications networks such as the Universal Mobile Telecommunications System, UMTS, Terrestrial Radio Access Network, UTRAN, Long Term Evolution, LTE (A), LTE (A Pro), LTE (A), LTE (A Pro) and/or 5G radio accessibility technology or new radio technology (NR). Some embodiments can relate to the size of physical resource blocks (PRB) or precoder resource blocks groups(PRG) and/or precoder resources block groups (PRG).

Description of Related Art

Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) Terrestrial Radio Access Network (UTRAN) refers to an internet-connected network that includes base stations, or Node Bs, and for example radio network controllers (RNC). UTRAN connects the user equipment (UE) and the core network. The RNC provides control functions for the Node Bs of one or more. The RNC and its corresponding Node Bs are referred to as the Radio Network Sub-system (RNS). E-UTRAN (enhanced UTRAN) does do not come with a RNC. The radio access is only available through an upgraded Node B or eNodeB or many eNBs. For example, multiple ENBs could be connected to one UE connection, in the case of Coordinated Multipoint Transmission, or in dual connectivity.

Long Term Evolution (LTE) also known as E-UTRAN refers specifically to enhancements of the UMTS through increased efficiency and services, less costs, and use of new spectrum possibilities. LTE is an 3GPP standard, allows high-speed uplinks that are at least 75 megabits per sec (Mbps) for each carrier, and a downlink maximum speed of at least 300 Mbps per carrier. LTE can scale bandwidths of carriers from 20 MHz up to 1.4MHz. It supports both Frequency Division Duplexing (FDD) as well as Time Division Duplexing, (TDD).

LTE, as mentioned, may improve spectrum efficiency that allows carriers to provide more data and voice services on the same bandwidth. This is why LTE is specifically designed to meet the needs for high-speed media and data transportin addition to high capacity voice support. Advantages of LTE include, for instance, high throughput, low latency, FDD and TDD support within the same platform, improved end-user experience, and a simple architecture resulting in low operating costs.

Some 3GPP LTE releases (e.g. LTE Rel-10 and LTE Rel-11) are targeted at international mobile communications (IMT-A) systems. They are called LTE Advanced (LTE A).

LTE-A is directed toward extending and optimizing 3GPP LTE radio access technology. LTE-A aims to offer significantly better services with greater data rates, less latency , and lower costs. LTE-A is a better optimized radio system fulfilling the international telecommunication union radio (ITU-R) requirements for IMT-Advanced, while ensuring the backward compatibility. LTE Rel-10 introduced carrier aggregate in LTE-A. This allows for better data rates , by aggregating two or more LTE carriers. generation (5G), or new radio (NR), wireless systems, refers to the next generation (NG), of radio systems. 5G is anticipated to provide greater coverage and bitrates than the currently available LTE systems. 5G is expected to offer speeds 100 times higher than LTE (e.g. 10-20 Gbit/s). 5G will support at least enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB) and ultra-reliable low-latency-communication (URLLC). 5G will also improve network expandability, potentially permitting hundreds of thousands more connections. The 5G signal technology will advance to provide better coverage and greater spectral efficiency. 5G is expected to deliver extreme broadband andultra-robust connectivity, with low latency and massive network connectivity to aid in the Internet of Things (IoT). As IoT and machine-to-machine (M2M) is becoming more widespread, networks will need to be capable of providing low power and low data rates as well as long battery lives. The next generation node (gNB) may be called the node B in 5G , or NR.

One of the embodiments is directed at an approach that could involve determining the precoding resource block group (PRG) size that is based at least on the bandwidth of the operating equipment used by the user, defining a configurable precoding resource block group (PRG) determined based on the precoding resource’s minimum block group (PRG) size and indicating the precoding resource block group (PRG) that is set to the equipment of the user.

Another embodiment is directed at an apparatus that includes at least one processor, at most one memory, and a computer program code. The apparatus is configured with at least one processor and at least one memory in order to define a minimum precoding resource block group size (PRG) as well as determine a configurable precoding block group (PRG) and indicate the precoding block group(PRG).

Computer programs are a different method of embodiment. It may be encoded on non-transitory computer-readable media. The computer program is configured to control a processor to perform a task that could include determining a minimum precoding resource block group (PRG) size that is based on at least a user equipment’s operating bandwidth and defining a precoding configurable resource block group (PRG) set based on the precoding resource block group (PRG) size, and signaling the precodingresource group (PRG) set to the user’s equipment.

A different embodiment is directed towards an apparatus that may include determining means for determining the minimum precoding resource block group (PRG) size that is based on at least the operating bandwidth of the user equipment and defining means for defining an adjustable precoding resource block group (PRG) determined based on the precoding resource block group (PRG) size and signaling methods to communicate the precoding resource block group (PRG) set to the user equipment.

Click here to view the patent on USPTO website.


Get Patents with PatentPC

What is a patent?

A patent is granted by the government to protect an invention, patents give the inventor exclusive rights to use, create to sell, and promote the invention?society benefits when a new technology is brought into the marketplace. The benefits can be directly realized when people can achieve previously unattainable feats or by the economic opportunities that innovation provides (business growth, jobs).

Patent protection is sought out by many pharmaceutical companies and university researchers for their research and development. Patents are granted for a product, process, or method of creating new materials. Patent protection has to be granted to an invention that is beneficial or novel and is not already known by others in the same field.

Patents give inventors a chance to be recognized for commercially viable inventions. They act as an incentive for inventors to come up with new ideas. Patents enable entrepreneurs and inventors to be confident that there’s a good chance they will be paid back on their time, effort and money spent on technological development. They could earn a decent income by their work.

Patents are a crucial part of companies, and they can:

Secure innovative products and services;

Improve the visibility and the value of your product’s presence on the market

Make your brand stand out from others.

Find out about business and technical information.

Avoid accidentally downloading third-party content or loosing valuable data, creative outputs, or any other outputs that are creative.

Patents transform inventor’s knowledge into a marketable asset, which creates new opportunities for employment creation by licensing joint ventures and joint ventures.

Small businesses that have patent protection are more attractive to investors involved in the commercialization and development of technology.

Patents can lead to new ideas and new inventions. This information can promote creativity and could be eligible for protection under patents.

Patents can be used to stop untrustworthy third-party companies from earning from the invention’s efforts.

The profits from technology patents that are successful and commercially viable can be used to finance technological research and development (R&D) that will boost the likelihood of improved technology in the future.

You can leverage the intellectual property rights of your company to convince lenders and investors that your product has commercial potential. A single patent could provide multiple financing opportunities. Patents can be used along with other IP assets as collateral or security financing. Investors may also look at your patent assets to increase the value of your company. Forbes and others have noted that each patent could increase the value of a company by anything from $500,000 to $1 Million.

A properly-designed business plan is crucial for new businesses. It must be based on IP and explain how your product/service is distinctive. Investors will also be amazed if you have IP rights are secure or are on the verge of becoming secure, and that they agree with your business plan.

It is vital to protect an invention before applying for patent protection. A public divulging an invention could often damage its novelty and make it invalid. Disclosures that are filed prior to filing, like for investors, test marketing, or any other business partners, is best done after signing a confidentiality agreement.

There are a variety of patents. Knowing them is essential to safeguard your invention. Patents on utility cover inventions and processes that are new. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Utility patents are the best as they protect the proprietor from copycats and other competition. Frequently the utility patents are issued for alterations or improvements on existing inventions. They can also be used to enhance or alter existing inventions. For example, a process patent will be able to cover actions or methods of performing a specific act, whereas chemical compositions will comprise the combination of ingredients.

What is the length average of a patent? Patents that are utility-related last for 20 years from the earliest date of filing, however their expirations may be extended due to delays at the patent office such as.

Are you interested in patenting your ideas? As patents are only granted for first-to-file applicants and you must make your application quickly. Contact an attorney for patents at PatentPC to protect your idea now!

When drafting a patent application when you are writing a patent application, it is recommended that you conduct an online patent search. the search will give you some insight into other people’s concepts. This can help you limit the scope of your idea. Furthermore, you’ll be aware of the current state of technology in your area of invention. You’ll get a better understanding of what your idea should be, and you’ll be better prepared to write the patent application.

How to Search for Patents

Patent searches are the very first step in obtaining your patent. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. Once the patent application is submitted, the product that is that is covered by the patent application could be called patent-pending, and you can find the patent application on public pair. When the patent office has endorsed the application, you can do a patent number search to find the issued patent, and your product will now be patented. In addition to the USPTO search engine, you can also utilize other search engines such as espacenet, as detailed below. A patent lawyer or patent attorney can assist you with the process. In the US, patents are issued by the US trademark and patent office, also known as the United States patent and trademark office, which is also responsible for examining trademark applications.

Are you looking for similar patents? These are the steps to follow:

1. Create a list of terms for your invention, based on its purpose and composition or use.

Write down a concise detailed explanation of your invention. Do not use generic terms such as “device,” “process,” and “system.” Look for synonyms to the terms you initially chose. Next, note important technical terms and keywords.

To help you identify terms and keywords, you can use the questions below.

  • What is the purpose of the invention Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
  • Does the invention consist of a method of creating something or performing a function? Is it a product?
  • What is the structure of the invention? What is the physical composition of the invention?
  • What is the purpose of the invention?
  • What are technical terms and phrases that define the essence of an invention? A technical dictionary will help you locate the right words.

2. Use these terms to find relevant Cooperative Patent Classifications on the Classification Text Search Tool. To find the most appropriate classification to your invention, look through the class scheme of the classification (class schedules). Think about substituting the words you’re using for describing your invention, if you fail to get any results from the Classification Text Search with synonyms similar to the words you used in Step 1.

3. Check the CPC Classification Definition for confirmation of the CPC classification you’ve found. If the selected classification title includes a blue square with the letter “D” to its left, clicking on the link will direct you to the CPC description of the classification. CPC classification definitions will help you determine the applicable classification’s scope of application so that you can choose the one that is most appropriate. In addition, these definitions can include some tips for searching and other information that may be useful to further study.

4. Find patent documents that have the CPC classification from the Patents Full-Text and Image Database. You can review and find the most relevant patent publications focusing first on the abstract and the drawings that are representative.

5. Utilize this list of most pertinent patent documents to look at each one in depth for any similarity to your own invention. Take note of the specification and claims. It is possible to find additional patents through contacting the patent examiner as well as the applicant.

6. You can find published patent applications that match the CPC classification you picked in Step 3. You can apply the same search strategy as Step 4, narrowing your search results to the most relevant patent application by examining the abstract as well as the illustrations on every page. After that, you must review every patent application that has been published with care with particular attention paid to the claims and other drawings.

7. You can find other US patent publications using keywords search in AppFT or PatFT databases, and also classification searching for non-U.S. Patents as described below. Additionally, you can utilize web search engines to find non-patent-related patent disclosures in literature about inventions. Examples:

  • Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
  • Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
  • Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.

To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.