The present invention offers a method and apparatus that allows the production of high-density wires both on the surface and inside the pores of porous materials.

There is also a method and apparatus capable of synthesizing nanowires in the shape of wires instead of a film not just in the surface of the porous material but also in the pores of the porous material.

There is also an apparatus and method of synthesizing wires and controlling the structure of wires that are made on the surface and within the pores of porous material.

In a particular aspect of the invention it is provided a method of synthesizing nanowires that includes the following steps of: disposing a covering inside the reaction furnace so that the cover is set from one another by a predetermined distance from a substrate that is utilized for the synthesis of nanowires heating the reaction furnace and synthesising nanowires by allowing a source gas to be put on the substrate, while flowing through the space between the covering and the substrate.

A specific embodiment of the invention permits the cover to be separated using a specified gap the substrate where nanowires will be created.

The substrate may be porous.

Nanowires can form not only on the surface of the porous substrate but as well in the pores within the porous substrate.

The shape of nanowires when they are created can differ based on a size of the gap between the surface and the cover.

The nanowires forming on the substrate may have a clearer shape as the size of the gap diminishes.

The gap between the cover and the substrate may be preset depending on design criteria.

A cover can be connected to a dispersing device to dislodge the cover. The distance between the substrate and the covering can be controlled by a control unit.

The method of creating nanowires on a substrate is another aspect of the invention. The apparatus comprises an deposition chamber that executes a process of depositing the desired material onto a substrate placed on a mounting piece and an apparatus for gas supply that feeds a reactant gas into the chamber for deposition. The gas feed system includes a reactant source connected to the deposition chamber the reactant source supplying the necessary reactant to deposition within the deposition chamber, and an energy source for the carrier gas that is connected to the deposition chamber and the reactant source the source of the carrier gas is a source of a carrier gas that carries the reactant into the deposition chamber. A reaction furnace could be incorporated into the deposition chamber. It can operate at high temperatures and in vacuum. The furnace’s first end is linked to the source of reaction and to the gas source for the carrier. The other end is connected by a vacuum pump to the furnace. Heating elements can be placed on top of the reaction stove. The heating element is designed to heat the furnace. The reaction furnace is comprised of a substrate for the production of nanowires and a covering. The covering is spaced apart by a predetermined distance away from the substrate. The reaction chamber contains a gas from the source of the reactant which is then deposited on the substrate. It moves across the gap between substrateand the covering, and then synthesizes nanowires.

According to an embodiment of the present invention, the covering can be separated apart using a predetermined gap from the surface of the substrate upon which nanowires will be made.

The substrate may be porous.

Nanowires are formed on porous substrates, but also within porous substrates.

The space between the cover and substrate can alter the shape of the nanowires.

The nanowires that are formed on the substrate may have a clearer shape when this gap decreases.

Depending on the design criteria, the gap between the substrate and the covering can be predetermined.

Additional components may be included in the apparatus for example, an displacing device which is attached to the covering and can move the covering. A control unit controls the movement of the controlling means. The gap between the substrate and covering is adjustable by controlling the displacement of the displacing mechanism using the control unit.

According to the present invention, the covering is disposed inside the nanowire-synthesizing tube by a predetermined gap from the substrate. As the gap closes the source gases reactant flow is slowed. This consequentlyforms a vortex flow, in which nanowires are formed on the surface and in the pores on the substrate. The simple structure of the cover permits for the formation of nanowires with high density both on the surface of the substrate as well as inside the pores.

The methods and apparatuses of the present invention possess different advantages and characteristics that are evident from, or are more clearly described in the accompanying drawings, that are included in this document as well as in the DetailedDescription of the Invention that help to clarify certain principles of the invention.

Click here to view the patent on USPTO website.


Get Patents with PatentPC

What is a patent?

A patent is granted by the government to protect an invention. It grants the inventor the sole right to develop, utilize and sell the idea. Society is benefited when new technology is introduced to the market. These benefits may be directly realized as individuals are able to accomplish previously impossible feats, or indirectly, through the economic benefits that innovation provides (business growth, jobs).

Patent protection is sought by many pharmaceutical companies and university researchers for research and development. Patents can be granted for products, processes, or method of creating new materials. To be granted patent protection the invention must be valuable or novel, as well as not obvious to other people in the same subject.

Patents are a way to honor inventors who have commercially successful inventions. They are an incentive to inventors to invent. Small businesses and inventors are certain that they will receive the most return from the investment they make in technology development via patents. They could earn a decent income by their work.

Patents are a crucial part of firms and can be used to:

Secure your products and services.

Increase the visibility and value of your product’s presence on the market

Stand out and differentiate yourself and your product from the competition.

Get business and technical details.

Avoid the danger of accidentally using proprietary third-party content, or losing valuable information, innovative outputs, or another creative output.

Patents transform the knowledge of inventors into an asset that can be sold, which opens up new opportunities to create jobs through joint ventures and licensing.

Investors who are involved in the development and commercialization of technology will find small businesses with patent protection to be more attractive.

Patenting can result in new inventions and ideas. This information could be protected by patents.

Patents can be used as a deterrent to untrustworthy third parties that profit from the invention’s success.

Patent-protected technology that is commercially profitable can be used for financing technology-related research and development (R&D) which increases the likelihood of better technology in future.

It is possible to use intellectual property ownership to convince investors and lenders that your product has commercial value. A single patent could open the door for numerous financing options. Patents can be used in conjunction with other IP assets as collateral or security for financing. You may also present investors with the patents you own to boost the value of your company. Forbes and others have pointed out that each patent can add between $500,000 and a million dollars in company valuation.

Start-ups need a well-constructed business plan that leverages the IP to prove that your product or service is distinctive, superior, or innovative. Investors will also be impressed if your IP rights are secure or are in the process of becoming secure, and that they are in line with your business strategy.

It is vital to keep an invention secret before applying for patent protection. The public divulging an invention could frequently devalue its originality and render it invalid. Pre-filing disclosures, such as for investors, test-marketing or any other business partners, should be done only following the signing of a confidentiality agreement.

There are many kinds of patents. Knowing the different types of patents is vital to protect your invention. Utility patents cover new methods and inventions made by machines. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Patents for utility are the best option and protect the owner against copies and competitors. Patents for utility are usually issued to improve or modify existing inventions. Patents issued under utility can be used to improve or alter existing inventions. For instance, a process patent covers acts or methods for performing one specific thing, whereas chemical compositions are an assortment of components.

What is the typical length of a patent? Utility patents are valid for 20 years from the initial date of filing, however their expiration dates may be extended due to patent office delays for instance.

Are you considering the patenting of your idea? As patents are only granted for first-to-file applicants You must make your application quickly. Contact a patent attorney at PatentPC to file your invention now!

When you are writing a patent application it is recommended to conduct a patent search, as the search can provide an insight into the other applicants’ thoughts. This will allow you to restrict the scope of your idea. Furthermore, you’ll be aware of the current state of technology in your field of invention. You’ll have a better idea of what your idea should be, and you’ll be better prepared for writing the patent application.

How to Search for Patents

The first step to obtain the patent you want is to perform a patent search. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. Patent-pending is the term for the product that has been included in the patent application. It is possible to search the public pair to locate the patent application. After the patent office approves your application, you will be able do an examination of the patent number to find the patent issued. Your product now has the potential to be patentable. You can also use the USPTO search engine. See below for details. A patent lawyer or attorney can help you through the procedure. Patents granted in the United States are granted by the US trademark and patent office, or the United States patent office. The trademark office also evaluates trademark applications.

Are you interested in finding similar patents? These are the steps to follow:

1. Think of terms to describe your invention based upon the purpose, composition and application.

Write down a succinct detailed description of your invention. Don’t use generic terms like “device”, “process,” or “system”. Instead, consider synonyms to the terms you chose initially. Then, note important technical terms, as well as keywords.

Use the questions below to help you determine key words or concepts.

  • What is the objective of the invention? Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
  • Is the invention a way of creating something or performing a function? Or is it a product or process?
  • What is the basis of the invention? What is the invention’s physical structure?
  • What’s the point of the invention
  • What are the terms in the technical field and keywords that describe the nature of an invention? A technical dictionary will help you locate the right phrases.

2. These terms will allow you to look up pertinent Cooperative Patent Classifications at Classification Search Tool. If you’re not able to find the right classification to describe your invention, look through the classification’s class Schemas (class schedules). If you don’t see any results from the Classification Text Search, you may want to consider replacing the words for describing your invention using synonyms.

3. Review the CPC Classification Definition for the CPC Classification Definition to verify the accuracy of the CPC classification you’ve discovered. The link to a CPC classification definition will be available when the classification you have selected has a blue box that includes “D” to the left. CPC classification definitions will assist you in determining the classification’s purpose so that you can pick the one that is the most relevant. Additionally, these definitions can include some tips for searching and other information that could be useful to further study.

4. The Patents Full-Text Database and the Image Database allow you to retrieve patent documents that include the CPC classification. By focusing your search on abstracts and drawings that are representative, you can narrow down your search to find the most relevant patent publications.

5. Take advantage of this list of most pertinent patent documents to look at each in detail to find similarities to your idea. Take note of the claims and specifications. Consult the applicant and patent examiner for additional patents.

6. Find patent applications published in the public domain using the CPC classification you selected in Step 3 in the Applications Full-Text and Image Database. You may also employ the same strategy of searching you employed in Step 4 to narrow down your search results to just the most relevant patent applications by reviewing the abstracts and drawings on every page. After that, you must review all published patent applications carefully and pay particular attention to the claims as well as other drawings.

7. You can find other US patent publications using keyword searches in AppFT or PatFT databases, and also search for patents classified as that aren’t from the United States as per below. Additionally, you can use web search engines to find non-patent literature disclosures about inventions. Examples:

  • Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
  • Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
  • Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.

To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.