Facebook Technologies, LLC (Menlo Park, CA)

An eyewear item comes with an audio system. In one embodiment the audio system comprises an array of microphones that comprises several audio sensors. Each acoustic sensor is designed to recognize sounds within the local area around the microphone array. In the case of a variety of heard sounds, the audio system performs an arrival direction (DoA) estimation. The parameters of the sound detected and/or DoA estimation are used to determine whether the audio system can generate or update one or more functions for acoustic transfer that are specific to the user. Audio content may be generated through the audio system by using one or more of the acoustic functions.

The present invention is generally related to stereophony and more specifically , to an audio system that is dynamically determining a an acoustic transfer feature that is customized for a user.

The way that sound is perceived in two ears may be different according to the direction of sound and location. The sound that is heard at each ear can be utilized to identify the position of the sound source. In the “surround sound” system, a variety of speakers reproduces the directional aspects of sound by using acoustic transfer functions. An acoustic transfer function represents the relationshipbetween a sound’s location of origin and the method by which the sound is detected, for example via an array of microphones or a person. A single microphone array (or a person wearing a microphone array) might have multiple functions that acoustic transfer can be used for several different sources in the area that is around the microphone array (or around the person who is wearing the microphone array). The location and location in the local area can also impact the acoustic transfer function. Furthermore, the acoustic sensors in a microphone array may be arranged in a large number of possible combinations, and as such, the functions associated with acoustic transmission are distinct to each microphone array. Direct evaluation can prove costly and time-consuming for determining the acoustic transfer function of every microphone array.

Embodiments relate to an audio system for dynamic detection of an Acoustic Transfer Function. Acoustic transfer functions explain the way sound is received at a particular point in space. Particularly, an acoustic function describes the relationship between the parameters of a sound’s at its location of origin and the parameters at which the sound is received by, for instance microphone arrays or an ears of a user. A function called array transfer (ATF) or the head-related function (HRTF) may be used as an acoustic feature. One example of an audio system comprises an array of microphones with several acoustic sensors. Each acoustic sensor is configured to listen for sounds within the local area around the microphone array. At least one of the multiple sensors is connected to a near-eye display (NED). The audio system is also equipped with the controller which is set to estimate a direction of arrival (DoA) of a sound recorded by the microphonearray compared to the location of the NED within the local area. The controller is able to create or update an audio transfer function in the audio system according to the parameters for each sound. Every acoustic transfer function is associated to a specific location of the NED within the local region and the controller can generate or update an acoustic transfer function when the position of the NED changes within the local region. In some instances the audio system utilizes one or more acoustic transfer functions to generate audio content for the user wearing the NED.

A method for dynamically determining an acoustic transmission function is described in some embodiments. The microphone array is able to monitor the sounds that occur in the local area surrounding the microphone array. The microphone array is comprised of several acoustic sensors. At least one of the many acoustic sensors are connected to a near eye display (NED). The direction of arrival (DoA) of an acoustic signal that is detected in relation to the location of the NED within the local area is estimated. In based upon the DoA estimation, anacoustic transfer function that is associated with the NED is adjusted. The function that is acoustic can be, e.g., an array transfer function in the microphone array or an HRTF associated to the user. In some embodiments, a computer-readable medium may beconfigured to perform the steps of the procedure.

Click here to view the patent on USPTO website.

Get Patents with PatentPC

What is a patent?

A patent is issued by the government to safeguard the invention. It grants the inventor the right to create, use and sell the invention. Society benefits when new technology is brought for sale. The benefits may be directly, in that it may allow individuals to achieve previously impossible things. Or indirectly, by the economic benefits (business growth and employment) which the invention provides.

Patent protection is sought out by many pharmaceutical companies and university researchers to aid in their work in research and development. A patent can cover a physical or abstract product or process or method or composition of materials unique to the area. Patent protection must be granted to any invention that is valuable unique, innovative, and not yet known by other people in the same area.

Patents recognize and reward inventors for their commercially profitable inventions. They act as a motivator for inventors to invent. Patents permit inventors and small businesses to know that there is the possibility that they’ll receive a return for their time, effort and money spent on technological development. They could earn a decent income from their work.

Businesses with the ability to:

Protect new products and services that are innovative;

Increase the value, visibility, and attractiveness of your product on the market;

Make your brand stand out from the rest.

Find out about business and technical information.

Avoid the risk of accidentally using third-party proprietary content, or losing important information, creative outputs, or any other innovative output.

Patents can transform an inventor’s knowledge into a marketable asset, which creates new opportunities to create jobs and boost growth of business through licensing or joint ventures.

Investors who are involved in the commercialization and development of technology will find small-scale businesses that have patent protection more appealing.

Patents can result in new ideas and inventions. These information may be protected by patents.

Patents can be used as an effective deterrent for untrustworthy third parties profiting from the invention’s success.

Patent-protected technology revenues that are commercially profitable can be used to finance technological research and development (R&D), which will improve the chances of better technology in future.

Intellectual property ownership is a way to convince investors and lenders that there are real chances to commercialize your product. Sometimes, one powerful patent can open the door to numerous financing possibilities. Patents and other IP assets are able to be used as collateral or as security to finance debt. Investors are also able to view your patent assets in order to increase the value of your company. Forbes and others have noted that each patent can increase the value of your company by as much as $500,000 to $1 Million.

Startups require a carefully-crafted business plan that leverages the IP to demonstrate that your product/service is unique, superior, or innovative. In addition, investors will be impressed when you demonstrate that your IP rights are secure or are in the process of becoming secure and that they are in line with your business strategy.

It is important to keep patent protection applications private if you have an invention. Public divulging an invention could be detrimental to its novelty and render it invalid. Thus, disclosures that are filed prior to filing (e.g. for testing marketing, investors, or other business partners) should only be made upon signing a confidentiality contract.

There are a variety of patents. Knowing them is essential to safeguard your invention. Utility patents cover new processes and machine creations. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Utility patents are the most effective and shield the owner from copies and competitors. They are typically granted to enhance or modify existing inventions. Patents issued under utility can be used to enhance or modify existing inventions. A process patent will be a way to describe the actions or methods of performing a specific act. But, a chemical composition would include an amalgamation of ingredients.

How long will a patent last? Although utility patents last up to 20 years from their initial filing, they may be extended through delay at the Patent Office.

Are you looking to patent your ideas? As patents are only granted for applicants who are first to file, you need to file quickly – call an attorney for patents at PatentPC to patent your idea now!

When drafting a patent application, you should do a patent search, as the search can provide an insight into the other applicants’ ideas. It will help you reduce the scope of your idea. In addition, you can be aware of the current state of art in your field of innovation. This will assist you in understand the scope of your invention and help prepare for the filing of the patent application.

How to Search for Patents

A patent search is the very first step to getting your patent. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. After the patent application has been filed, the product subject to the patent can be referred to as patent-pending and you can find the patent application on public pair. When the patent office approves the patent application, you are able to do a patent number search to find the patent that was issued, and your product will now be patented. You can also utilize the USPTO search engine. Check out the following article for more information. Patent lawyers or a patent attorney can assist you with the process. Patents in the United States are granted by the US trademark and patent office, or the United States patent office and trademark office. This office also evaluates trademark applications.

Are you looking for similar patents? Here are the steps to follow:

1. Brainstorm terms that describe your invention based on its purpose, composition, and application.

Write down a concise and precise description of the invention. Do not use generic terms such as “device,” “process,” and “system.” Instead, think about synonyms for the terms you chose initially. Then, take note of important technical terms and keywords.

Utilize the following questions to help you identify the keywords or concepts.

  • What is the purpose of the invention? Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
  • Is the invention a way of creating something, or performing an action? Is it an item?
  • What is the composition and function of the invention? What is the physical makeup of the invention?
  • What’s the objective of this invention?
  • What are the technical terms and keywords that describe the nature of an invention? A technical dictionary can assist you to find the appropriate terms.

2. Use these terms to find relevant Cooperative Patent Classifications at the Classification Text Search Tool. If you’re not able to determine the correct classification for your invention, look through the class Schemas (class schedules). Think about substituting the words that you’ve used for describing your invention, if you fail to find any results in the Classification Text Search with synonyms similar to the words you used in Step 1.

3. Go through 3. Go over the CPC Classification Definition for the CPC Classification Definition to determine the validity of the CPC classification that you have found. If the chosen classification includes a blue box with “D” The link to the CPC classification definition will be given. CPC classification definitions can help determine the scope of the classification and therefore you’re sure to select the most relevant. Furthermore, these definitions can include some tips for searching and other information that could be useful to further study.

4. The Patents Full-Text Database and the Image Database allow you to retrieve patent documents that include the CPC classification. You can review and narrow down the most relevant patent documents by focusing first on the abstract and drawings representative of.

5. Take advantage of this list of most pertinent patent documents to study each one in depth for any similarities to your own invention. Be sure to read the claims and specifications. There are many patents available by consulting the patent examiner and the applicant.

6. You can retrieve patent applications that have been published that meet the CPC classification you selected in Step 3. You can use the same search strategy as in Step 4. You can narrow your search results to the relevant patent application by looking at the abstract and representative drawings that appear on each page. Then, you must carefully review the patent applications that have been published and pay particular attention to the claims and additional drawings.

7. Locate other US patents using keywords search within AppFT or PatFT databases, classification searches of non-U.S. patents as per below, and searching non-patent literature disclosures of inventions using web search engines. For instance:

  • Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
  • Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
  • Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.

To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.