Conductors to be used in heating systems are provided. The conductors are designed to provide a longer route for the current as well as greater resistance, as measured by the current. Induction systems may also be used to heat systems. The conductor, for instance, could be a conductive substance having a surface which faces an induction coil within an oscillating circuit. This surface may have an established pattern of the peaks and valleys. The valleys and peaks make up an unlinear path for the induced current when exposed to the electromagnetic field created by an oscillating circuit. Other conductors, such as a heat pipe may be utilized. The walls of the pipe could have different thicknesses along its length. The varying thicknesses may comprise a primary thickness and a second thickness that alternate. The heat pipe could be used for direct or induction contact heating system in which AC is applied directly to the pipe.

Conductors can be heated using induction or directly connected with AC or alternating current (AC).

Induction heating works by the induction of an eddy current(s) within an conductive material using an AC electromagnetic field produced by an oscillating circuit. Joules are the cause of the Eddy currents. The AC electromagnetic field’s penetration into the material causes eddy currents be created. The strongest current occurs at the nearest inducing coil and decreases when the material is penetrated.

Alternately, AC may be applied to a material that is conductive with clamps attached to the material that is conductive. For example, clamps may be attached to the ends of the conductive material. The clamps may be connected with high frequency/high current cables. These cables provide ground to the system. Another clamp may be linked to a middle point between the clamps. A second High Frequency/High-current cable may be connected to the clamp. The current flows because of VAC and ground applied to the cables.

The skin’s thickness can have an impact on the density of current in conductors. The depth of the skin can affect the conductor-induced current (induction) as well as the current that is induced (induction). The depth of the skin is a function ofresistivity permeability, permeability and permittivity as well as the frequency of the AC electromagnetic field or the applied AC.

Induction heating is based on the resistance of the material and the Eddy currents. AC heating is dependent on the current directly connected (AC) and the material’s resistance that is seen by the current. The resistance of the material as perceived by the current is determined by the material’s resistivity. The material type determines the resistance of the material. The material’s resistance is measured using current, is determined by the dimensions and resistance (especially the dimensions of the current path). With an increase in resistivity the skin’s thickness and power will rise. Conductors heated with high-frequency currents could produce a result. This is due to the same currents that pass through conductors also traverse other components. For instance, the inducing loop (induction heating), connecting cables (ACdirect application) and various electronic components (including power electronics). This current can result in unwanted heating of connecting cables (AC Direct Application) and other components (and the inducing coil) as well as the strain on electronic components.

The disclosed conductor to be heated is more resistant when viewed through a current.

In one aspect of the disclosure, the conductor is configured to be exposed to an oscillating circuit having an induction coil. The oscillating circuit is designed to create an electromagnetic field that has an oscillating frequency. The conductor is a conductive material with a surface that has a predetermined pattern of valleys and peaks. When exposed to the oscillating circuit is in contact with the induction coil. The peaks and valleys make an unlinear path for the induced current, when exposed to the electromagnetic field created by the oscillating circuit.

One of the aspects of the disclosure reveals that the valleys or peaks are placed in a cyclic manner across the conductor’s surfaces. A disclosure aspect also states that a peak’s length and the valley’s length are equal with respect to the direction of flow of the induced current. The configurations and positioning allow for an increase of resistance along a length of conductor’s surface.

In an aspect of the disclosure the length of a peak in the direction of the flow of current is determined by an oscillating frequency of the oscillating circuit. For instance, the length of the peak might be twice the skin depth which is a function of theoscillating frequency.

An aspect of the disclosure is that a distinction between a peak’s or valley’s elevation is determined by the oscillating frequency of an oscillating circuit.

In an aspect of the invention the conductive material includes gaps that are adjacent to and aligned with each peak, and vice versa. The gaps are designed to direct the induced current through the adjacent peaks.

One of the aspects of the disclosure is that the layout of peaks and valleys depends on the kind of induction coil, the shape of the surface, and the direction of current flow.

One of the aspects of the disclosure states that in the event that the surface is circular the peaks and valleys may be laid out in a circular fashion that extends from the center of the surface. Variable valleys and peaks are also possible.

One part of the disclosure could be that the conductor could be a graphite-foam.

In one aspect of the disclosure the conductor is utilized to cook. It could, for example an oven, a pan, or a coffee maker. The base of the cooking device must have a predetermined pattern of peaks and valleys. The valleys and peaks alternate.

A conductive pipe also shown. The conductive pipe comprises an outer wall. A thickness of the wall can differ across the length of conductive pipes from one end to the other. The wall is at minimum one thickness, and a secondthickness different from the initial thickness. The first and second thickness alternate across the wall from the beginning end to the second. The wall, having the first and second one, creates an unlinear current path when it is exposed to an electromagnetic field created by an oscillating circuit, or alternating current directly connected.

In an aspect of the disclosed the wall is comprised of an internal surface as well as an external surface. The external surface is curved to create the first thickness and the second thickness.

One of the aspects of the disclosure states that the distance between two thicknesses adjacent to each other is equal. This allows for an even increase in resistance across the length of the conductor pipes.

One aspect of this disclosure is that the length of first thickness is determined by the frequency of an AC or oscillating frequency.

One part of the disclosure states that a difference in thickness between the first and second thicknesses is determined by an oscillating frequency , or frequency of AC.

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Patents are granted by the government to protect an invention. It grants the inventor the sole rights to develop, use and market the idea. Society benefits when new technology is introduced to market. The benefits may be direct terms, as it can allow individuals to achieve previously unattainable things, or indirectly through the economic opportunities (business expansion and job creation) which the invention provides.

A lot of pharmaceutical companies and researchers at universities seek patent protection for their research and developments. Patents can be granted to products, processes, or method for making new materials. To be granted patent protection, an invention must be valuable unique, innovative, and not obvious to other people in the same subject.

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Patent-protected technology revenues that are commercially profitable could be used for financing research and development (R&D) which can increase the chance of better technology in future.

Intellectual property ownership can be used to convince investors and lenders that there are real opportunities to commercialize your product. Sometimes, one patent can lead to multiple financing options. Patents as well as other IP assets can be utilized as collateral or security for debt financing. You can also show investors your patent assets to increase the value of your company. Forbes and others have noted that every patent can boost company valuation by anywhere from $500,000 to $1 million.

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There are many kinds of patents, and understanding these is vital to safeguard your invention. Utility patents cover the development of new methods and machines. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Patents for utility are the best option and protect the owner against copies and competitors. In most cases they are granted for alterations or improvements on existing inventions. They can also be used to improve or alter existing inventions. For instance, a procedure patent will cover acts or methods for performing a specific act, whereas chemical compositions will comprise a mixture of ingredients.

How long will a patent last? While utility patents last for 20 years from the date of the initial filing, they are able to be extended through delays at the Patent Office.

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How to Search for Patents

The first step to get your patent is to do a patent search. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. After the patent application is submitted, the product that is that is covered by the patent application could be described as patent-pending. you can find the patent application on a public pair. After the patent office approves your application, you’ll be able do search for a patent number and discover the patent granted. Your product will then be patented. It is also possible to use the USPTO search engine. Read on for more details. A patent lawyer or attorney can help you through the procedure. In the US Patents are issued by the US trademark and patent office or the United States patent and trademark office, which also examines trademark applications.

Interested in finding more similar patents? These are the steps to follow:

1. Brainstorm terms that describe your invention, based on its intended purpose, composition and use.

Write down a concise, but precise description of the invention. Do not use generic terms like “device”, “process,” or “system”. Think about synonyms for the terms you chose initially. Then, take note of important technical terms as well as keywords.

To help you find the key words and concepts, try the questions below.

  • What is the purpose of the invention? Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
  • Invention is a method to come up with something or to perform an action? Or is it a thing or process?
  • What is the nature and purpose of the invention? What is the physical structure of the invention?
  • What’s the purpose of the invention
  • What are the terms in the technical field and keywords used to describe the nature of an invention? To find the correct terms, consult the technical dictionary.

2. These terms will allow you to look up pertinent Cooperative Patent Classifications at Classification Search Tool. To determine the most suitable classification for your invention, go through the class scheme of the classification (class schedules). Think about substituting the words you’re using to describe your invention if you don’t find any results in your Classification Text Search with synonyms similar to the words you used in Step 1.

3. Go through the CPC Classification Definition for the CPC Classification Definition to determine the relevancy of the CPC classification that you have located. The link to a CPC classification definition is provided if the chosen classification title has a blue box that includes “D” on its left. CPC classification definitions will help determine the scope of the classification, so you are sure to select the most appropriate. Additionally the definitions may include research tips and other suggestions which could be helpful for further investigation.

4. Retrieve patent documents with the CPC classification from the Patents Full-Text and Image Database. You can look through and select the relevant patent publications focusing first on the abstract and drawings representative of.

5. This selection of patent publications is the most appropriate to look at for any similarities to your invention. Be sure to read the specification and claims. Refer to the applicant and patent examiner for additional patents.

6. Search for patent applications that have been published using the CPC classification you picked in Step 3 in the Applications Full-Text and Image Database. It is possible to use the same method of search as Step 4, narrowing your results to the most relevant patent application by looking at the abstract and drawings that appear on each page. The next step is to review the patent applications that have been published carefully with particular attention paid to the claims and other drawings.

7. Locate additional US patent publications using keyword searching in PatFT or AppFT databases, classification search of non-U.S. patents as per below, and searching for non-patent patent disclosures in the literature of inventions using internet search engines. For example:

  • Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
  • Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
  • Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.

To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.