The rapid evolution of Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR) has not only reshaped entertainment and gaming but has also ushered in a new era for communication. As these technologies break barriers and create immersive communication experiences, startups venturing into this domain must prioritize safeguarding their inventions. In this guide, we’ll walk through the strategic steps for patenting AR and VR communication inventions, ensuring that your startup stands robustly protected against competitors and imitators.

Understand the AR and VR Patent Landscape

Before diving into the patent application process, gaining a comprehensive understanding of the current AR and VR patent landscape is crucial.

Distinguishing Between AR and VR

Although AR and VR are often used interchangeably, they differ significantly:

  • AR overlays digital content on the real world through devices like smartphones or AR glasses.
  • VR immerses users in a fully digital environment, typically using VR headsets.

Recognizing these distinctions is essential as the patenting considerations can vary between the two.

Scope of Current Patents

Given the rapid technological advancements in the AR and VR sectors, numerous patents already exist. Startups must conduct thorough patent searches to identify:

  • Existing patents in the AR and VR communication domain.
  • Gaps or niches that remain unprotected.
  • Potential infringement risks.

By gaining a solid grasp on the existing patent landscape, startups can carve out unique propositions and steer clear of possible infringement challenges.

Identifying the Patentable Components

AR and VR communication systems are intricate, involving multiple components. Understanding what can be patented is the first step toward robust protection.

Hardware Components

These encompass the tangible parts of the AR and VR systems:

  • Sensors: Devices that track user movements or environmental factors.
  • Display Units: AR glasses or VR headsets that present visual data to users.
  • Audio Systems: Earphones or speakers that offer immersive auditory experiences.

If your startup has developed unique hardware or improved existing designs, these can be strong contenders for patent protection.

Software Components

The software is the backbone of any AR or VR system:

  • Application Software: The programs that run specific AR or VR experiences.
  • System Software: The underlying software that powers the AR or VR device.
  • Interaction Models: Algorithms or methods that define how users interact with the virtual environment.

Innovative software elements, especially those that enhance user experience or improve system performance, are prime candidates for patent protection.

Content Creation Tools

These tools allow creators to design and develop AR and VR experiences:

  • 3D Modelling Tools: Software that helps design virtual objects or environments.
  • Animation Tools: Programs that bring virtual elements to life.
  • Simulation Engines: Systems that replicate real-world physics in virtual scenarios.

If your startup has crafted tools that simplify or innovate the content creation process, consider patenting these inventions.

Navigating the Patent Application Process

Once the patentable components are identified, navigating the patent application process with precision is imperative.

Drafting a Comprehensive Patent Application

A strong patent application is the foundation of robust protection. Ensure that:

  • The application clearly describes the invention and its uniqueness.
  • All potential use-cases and embodiments are covered.
  • Claims are broad enough to fend off competitors but specific enough to stand scrutiny.

Consider collaborating with a patent attorney specializing in AR and VR technologies to ensure that the application is impeccably drafted.

Addressing Software Patent Challenges

Software patents, especially in the AR and VR domains, can be tricky. Regulatory bodies often deem software as abstract or lacking inventive steps. To counter this:

  • Emphasize the technical nature of the software.
  • Highlight any novel algorithms or methods.
  • Detail the tangible benefits or improvements the software offers over existing solutions.

By presenting the software in a technical and novel light, startups can enhance the likelihood of patent approval.

Prioritizing Global Patent Protection

Given the universal appeal and applicability of AR and VR technologies, securing patent protection beyond your immediate market can be a prudent move.

Importance of International Patents

AR and VR communication tools aren’t bound by geographic restrictions. A product launched in one country can quickly gain traction worldwide. Hence:

  • Broader Reach: International patents allow startups to penetrate global markets confidently.
  • Enhanced Protection: A global patent portfolio deters competitors in multiple jurisdictions from infringing on your invention.
  • Increased Valuation: A comprehensive international patent portfolio can significantly enhance a startup’s valuation, especially during funding rounds or acquisition talks.

Utilizing the PCT Route

The Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) offers a streamlined process for filing patents in multiple countries simultaneously:

  1. File an International Application: Start by filing a single international application with the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
  2. International Search: A designated authority conducts a search to identify prior art and assesses the invention’s novelty.
  3. National Phase: After the international phase (typically 30 months from the priority date), enter the national phase by filing patents in individual countries where protection is sought.

The PCT route can be cost-effective and efficient, allowing startups to decide on pursuing patents in specific countries after gauging the invention’s potential and market reception.

Handling Infringement and Litigation

The competitive nature of the AR and VR landscape means that patent disputes can arise. Startups must be well-equipped to handle potential infringements and litigation scenarios.

Monitoring the Market

Proactive monitoring is essential:

  • Patent Watch: Regularly track new patents being filed in the AR and VR communication domain to identify potential infringements early.
  • Product Surveillance: Monitor competitor products and updates for any features or components that might infringe on your patents.

Cease and Desist Notices

If you identify potential infringement:

  1. Document Evidence: Capture details of the infringing product or feature.
  2. Legal Consultation: Engage with a patent attorney to assess the strength of the infringement claim.
  3. Initiate Communication: Before jumping into litigation, consider sending a cease and desist letter, outlining the infringement and seeking resolution.

Litigation as the Last Resort

If amicable solutions don’t materialize:

  • Assess Costs and Benefits: Litigation can be expensive and time-consuming. Ensure the potential benefits (damages, royalties, market positioning) outweigh the costs.
  • Choose Jurisdiction Wisely: If you have international patents, select a jurisdiction known for robust IP protection and favorable judgments.
  • Gather Evidence: Thoroughly document the infringement and gather evidence showcasing the originality and validity of your patent.

Licensing and Monetizing AR and VR Patents

Beyond protection, patents can become significant revenue streams for startups.

Identifying Licensing Opportunities

  • Market Analysis: Identify companies or products that can benefit from your patented technology.
  • Licensing Models: Determine if you want to offer exclusive licenses, non-exclusive licenses, or a mix of both.
  • License Terms: Define clear terms covering royalties, licensing durations, and territorial restrictions.

Partnering with Industry Giants

Several tech giants are heavily invested in AR and VR:

  • Collaborate with industry leaders for technology integration.
  • Explore joint ventures or partnerships where your patented technology complements their product offerings.

The AR and VR landscapes are rapidly evolving:

  • Regularly attend industry conferences and seminars.
  • Engage with AR and VR communities to stay updated on emerging trends, which can guide future R&D efforts and patent strategies.

Addressing Technical Challenges in Patenting AR and VR Inventions

When it comes to AR and VR, the technical aspects play a crucial role in determining the patent’s strength and scope. Here are ways to navigate these challenges.

Ensuring Hardware and Software Integration

AR and VR communication systems typically involve both hardware (like sensors and display units) and software (like algorithms for rendering or tracking). It’s vital to:

  • Demonstrate Integration: Clearly illustrate how hardware and software components work seamlessly in your invention.
  • Avoid Over-Reliance on One Component: Ensure that your invention doesn’t rely too heavily on a generic hardware or software component, making it difficult to differentiate from existing solutions.

Defining the User Interaction Mechanisms

User interaction is at the heart of AR and VR experiences:

  • Detail the User Experience (UX): Clearly describe how users will engage with the environment, objects, or information presented.
  • Incorporate Feedback Systems: Showcase how your invention acknowledges and responds to user inputs, be it gestures, voice commands, or physical movements.

Handling Data Privacy and Security Concerns

AR and VR often involve collecting and processing vast amounts of user data:

  • Embed Data Protection: If your invention incorporates unique methods for data protection or user privacy, emphasize these aspects.
  • Highlight Security Measures: Detail the steps taken to secure communication channels, data storage, or user identities in your system.

Preparing for the Future: Beyond Current AR and VR Technologies

AR and VR are still in their relative infancy, and the technology is evolving rapidly. Positioning your startup for future innovations can be a game-changer.

Investing in Continuation Patents

A continuation patent is a subsequent application that shares the same description as a prior application but claims a different aspect of the invention:

  • Capture Evolving Features: As your technology matures and evolves, use continuation patents to protect new features or applications.
  • Stay Ahead of Competitors: By continuously updating your patent portfolio, you can deter competitors from infringing on your latest developments.

Keeping an Eye on Adjacent Technologies

Technologies that aren’t directly in the AR and VR realm can still impact these fields:

  • Monitor Related Fields: Stay updated on advancements in AI, machine learning, sensor technology, or any other tech that could influence AR and VR.
  • Cross-Functional Collaboration: Encourage teams in your startup to collaborate and brainstorm on integrating adjacent technologies into your product.

Diversifying Applications across Industries

The potential applications for AR and VR extend far beyond gaming or entertainment:

  • Explore Niche Markets: Industries like healthcare, education, real estate, and manufacturing can benefit immensely from AR and VR. Tailor your inventions to solve specific challenges in these domains.
  • Customize Patent Strategies: When targeting different industries, customize your patent strategy to cater to the unique requirements and challenges of each sector.


AR and VR communication inventions offer a world of opportunities and challenges. With the right patent strategies, startups can not only protect their innovations but also carve a niche for themselves in this competitive domain. Regularly updating your knowledge, engaging with the industry, and seeking expert legal counsel can position your startup at the forefront of AR and VR technological evolution.